Notes on Micah chapter one
1:8-16 Micah’s lament of the coming judgment
1:2-7 God’s case against Samaria and Jerusalem
Time of Prophetic Ministry
742-735 (the reign of Jotham, good king)
735-715 (the reign of Ahaz, bad king)
715-687 (the reign of Hezekiah, good king)
722 BCE Samaria is captured by the Assyrian king Shalmaneser, its citizens are exiled
701 BCE Jerusalem is attacked (but not captured) by Sennacherib, king of Assyria
- The biblical historian in 2 Kings 17:6-14 recounts the reasons for why God allowed Samaria to be captured by the Assyrian armies. How can we orient our lives as Christians so that we don’t fall prey to the same mistakes?
- Micah is attempting to wrestle with and make sense of the way God is punishing His people. Similarly, the author of Hebrews instructs us to consider the purpose and intended outcome of God’s discipline (Heb. 12:4-11). The judgment of God upon His people in the past should serve as a warning to later generations, demonstrating that God will call to account those who fail to faithfully uphold the covenant agreement and commands.
- Micah’s attitude was one of mourning and lamenting when he preached to God’s people. In fact, he connected and identified with their suffering which was caused by God’s judgment (Mic. 1:8). When we act as Christ’s witnesses, proclaiming the coming kingdom and the forgiveness offered by the cross, we must not exhibit attitudes of superiority or snobbery over our audience. We are all sinners and therefore all in need of God’s mercy and forgiveness. The prophet Micah was neither happy nor joyful when he carried forth the word of the LORD. Rather, he mourned the fact that God’s people were not living up to the expectations as members of the covenant. In short, before we preach to others, we need to first examine our attitude and motivation.